Richmond is the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia. It is the center of the Richmond Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) and the Greater Richmond Region. Richmond was incorporated in 1742 and has been an independent city since 1871. As of the 2010 census, the city's population was 204,214. The Richmond Metropolitan Area has a population of 1,260,029, making it the third-largest in Virginia.Richmond is located at the falls of the James River, 44 miles (71 km) west of Williamsburg and 66 miles (106 km) east of Charlottesville. It was the site of several key events of the American Revolution, including Patrick Henry's "Give me liberty or give me death" speech in 1775. Richmond's economy is primarily driven by law, finance, and government, with several major law firms headquartered in the city. The city is home to both the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit and the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia.The weather in Richmond is fairly moderate compared to the rest of the country. The average high in July is 86 degrees Fahrenheit (30 degrees Celsius) and the average low is 65 degrees Fahrenheit (18 degrees Celsius). The average high in January is 45 degrees Fahrenheit (7 degrees Celsius) and the average low is 26 degrees Fahrenheit (-3 degrees Celsius).There are many popular attractions in Richmond. Some of these include the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, the Virginia State Capitol, the Virginia Holocaust Museum, and the Richmond National Battlefield Park. There are also several theaters and performance venues in the city, such as the Richmond Symphony and the Richmond Ballet.If you are visiting Richmond, you may be wondering how to find parking. Downtown Richmond has a number of parking options available, including on-street metered parking, off-street parking lots, and parking garages. You can also use the ParkMobile app to find and pay for parking in the city.